The town Pitalito is central to coffee trade in Southern Huila. A small town that is strategically situated on the southern end of the Magdalena river valley, seperating Colombia’s Eastern and Central mountain ranges. The area is known as the cradle of specialty coffee of Colombia, as many small farmers started focusing on quality and good processes almost 20 years ago. The Coffee Quest Colombia has setup shop with local partner The Bean Project to access more producers from the local community. The Station structure is used to pay higher prices for quality coffee. We interviewed Deiro Garcia Botina, c0-founder of Pitalito Buying Station, he shared his main lesson from working with us:
‘I have learned to collaborate more with people, in this case with the coffee growers. Knowing their needs helps us to plan our next steps as a buying station and contribute to their work.’
In short; The Coffee Quest Colombia took the traditional buying station model, but added a Quality Lab. The idea is provide access to the specialty market to smallholder farmers. By incorporating sensorial characteristics into the buying decision, next to looking at the physical aspects of the coffee beans. Objective: Paying for quality using well-communicated and transparent pricing,
Pitalito as a municipality produces a lot of coffee, but it is the perfect location for access to many surrounding towns like, Acevedo, Bruselas, Palestina, San Agustin, Oporapa, Timaná and Suaza all well-known names in the specialty coffee industry and towns where we have already been buying coffees for years.
Having a buying station in Pitalito also gives us the opportunity to increase our direct trade relationships with coffee farmers. Regularly visiting farms to give trainings and by organizing group workshops in our cupping lab to introduce producers to new processing methods and give them the opportunity to taste their own coffees or even learn about roasting and cupping.
‘During the T.C.Q. Microbiology course we taught him how to standardize fermentation processes in coffee. This gives me more confidence when having a fermentation conversation with the producers. The workshop on customer service helps me to have a better attention towards the coffee growers.’
- Luis Carlos Gutierrez
Each micro lot and communal lot is carefully constructed. Every small lot individually cupped various times before being included within the main lot. In addition to cup quality, each coffee must meet strict physical requirements, including our guidelines for moisture content and water activity. The first time a lot is cupped is when the producer brings a sample to our buying station. After approval the producer will then bring the lot down to the warehouse where it will be cupped again, taking a sample from each sack to ensure consistency. After final approval, the parchment coffee is packed in Grainpro bags and remains untouched until the entire lot is milled in Medellín.
Las Perlitas: Throughout the harvest, it’s quite common that small-holders produce lots that aren’t large enough to be exported on their own. However, the quality is often just as good (or better) than samples received from larger lots. As such, we decided to buy all coffees, regardless of size and create a specialty blend based on cup profile, with a quality that would compare to a Micro lot. The result is Las Perlitas or “The Little Pearls”, various small lots from producers around the Huila region, whose farms range in elevation from 1,600 to 2.100 m.a.s.l. and grow quality varieties.
Micro lot: To select the best Micro lots we focus on 86+ lots that have a special characteristic in the cup profile. The Pitalito area offers a good range of fruity lots due to the longer fermentation times. In some cases we combine the volume from 2 or 3 farmers together to reach a minimum of 10x 35kg bags of exportable green coffee. The combinations are made by taking the cup profile into account, and will carry the name of the largest contributor. This method allows us to provide a steady volume for our Seasonal segment, with interesting cup profiles that variate in between each harvest.
Laboyano – Type 1 (85 score): “Laboyano” is how you would call a local from Pitaltio. This name reflects the typical hard working farmers that are part of this communal lot. The coffee is fully traceable and comprised primarily of lots from producers in and around the South of Huila, including Pitalito, Saladoblanco, Palestina, Acevedo and La Argentina. The producers who contributed to this lot grow Caturra, Colombia, Castillo, Tabi and Pink Bourbon, with farms sitting at a range of elevations between 1,600 and 2,000 meters. This coffee was constructed in partnership with our friends The Bean Project, whom we expect to do exciting things with in the future!
Pitalito – Type 2 (84 score): This lot is the little sister from Laboyano, and provides similar fruity notes, but with less complexity. The touch of dried fruits and vibrant milk chocolate are quite pleasant. Each individual lot that ends up in the group lot Type Pitalito has been cup and added to the lot based on the determined cup profile. Multifunctional use for both blends and single-origin coffees,
Huila Profile – Type 3 (83 score): The cup profile is similar to a good Huila Excelso EP, however, similar to Type 2 the quality can be offered with great consistency. Each producer will have the chance to sell this coffee to competing buying stations, but will receive a small bonus on top of the market price at The Coffee Quest’s Santa Maria station. The bonus represents our combined efforts in maintaining full traceability and quality control.
All lots represent the hard work of dedicated producers whom received not only receive the highest prices in town on 85+ coffees, but fixed prices throughout the entire harvest. By offering fixed prices, on top of our feedback provided on each sample cupped, we can confidently ask producers to make adjustments in their processing, while reducing their concern over price volatility.
“Many coffee growers are attracted by our prices, some are friends who have been working with us for a long time and others are farmers we meet from time to time.” – explained Cristian Camilo Carvajal. “Many times they are shy, but as the days go by, they relate to each other and become one big coffee family. I would like to see everyone become coffee experts in the future.” – he continued explaining the atmosphere in Pitalito Buying Station.
Pitalito is right in the busy coffee heart of Southern Huila. The buying station provides a central point for a large network of smallholder farmers to get feedback on their coffee and practices. This will happen in person during visits at the station, but also during workshops and off-season farm visits by The Coffee Quest cupper. They will provide tailored advice on quality improvements, but also include the necessary knowledge to process coffee while taking the environment into account. Topics such as; turning coffee pulp into compost, disposing the acidic waste waters, but also advice on farm inputs.
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